Albatross – completing the hole taking 3 strokes below par.
Approach – shot to reach the flag
Air shot – swing and miss the ball completely
Back swing – upward movement of the club before striking the ball
Birdie – completing the hole taking 1 stroke below par
Bogey – completing the hole taking 1 stroke above par
Bunker – sand traps acting a an obstacle
Caddie – person who carries the clubs
Chip Shot – short stroke made near the green
Drive – first stroke taken from the tee
Driver – name of the club used to hit the ball long distances, used from the tee
Divot – piece of grass knocked by club head when it hits the ball
Down Swing – downward movement of club in direction of the ball
Eagle – complete the hole taking 2 strokes below par
Fairway – area in the centre between the tee and the green where the grass height is usually 12mm
Finish – movement following contact with the ball
Follow through – movement of the ball after impact, in the directionof the target
Green – area where the hole is located, where the grass is thinner, more compact and cut to the level of the soil
Grip – top part of the club, position of the hands on the club Hazard – any obstacle (water or sand)
HCP – handicap – type of score that measures the golfers’ skill and is subtracted from their total number of strokes. It is used to even up two golfers of different proficiency.
Hole – the target shown by a flag.
Hole-in-one – completing the hole in one stroke
Iron – a club made of iron and used for short strokes
Match-play – a game played hole-by-hole, where the winner is the one who wins the most holes
Out-of-bounds – land considered outside the playing area. The player is obliged to repeat the shot from the same place and loses a stroke.
PAR – the number of strokes forecast for completing the hole
Pitching Wedge – a club used to approach the green
Putt – stroke made on the green to put the ball in the hole
Putter – the club used to make strokes on the green and put the ball in the hole
Rough – place where the grass is taller and it is more difficult to play, usually near tres and bushes
Sand Wedge – club used to get the ball out of bunkers
Scratch – game where handicaps do not apply
Square – directly in the line of play
Stance – player’s position at the time they play a stroke
Stroke Play – a game where the winner is the person who completes the 18 holes in the lowest number of strokes
Swing – body movement during the stroke
Tee – place where the first stroke of a hole is made. It is also the name of the small plastic or wooden cup that supports the ball for the first stroke of each hole
Wood – club made of wood used to hit the ball long distances
Yards – some golf courses show the length of the holes in yards. One yard is equal to 91.4cm.